Why is Muharram celebrated? Battle of Karbala, History of Muharram

History of Muharram


'Muharram' is the name of the first month of the Islamic calendar. The 10th of this month is called Day of Ashura, this day is called Muharram in the English calendar. The tenth day of Muharram is of great significance, celebrated by Shia Muslims to mourn the death of Hussein ibn Ali, while by Sunni Muslims, The victory of Moses over the Pharaoh of Egypt is celebrated.


Happy Muharram 2019 Wishes images, why Muharram celebrate
Muharram is a major festival in the religion of Islam. Imam Hussain is mourned throughout these ten days.


What is Muharram?


Muharram is a major festival in the religion of Islam. Imam Hussain is mourned throughout these ten days. In fact, in the same month, Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Sahab, Mustafa Sallah Alaih and Alahi Wasallam had go(hijra) from Holy Mecca to the holy city of Medina. From this month the new year of Islam begins.


According to the Holy Quran, one of the four holy months of the year is Muharram (the other three being Zulkadah, Zulijiz, and Rajab). The English meaning of Muharram is "forbidden" and is celebrated as the first month of the twelve months of the Islamic lunar calendar.

Why is Muharram celebrated?


In the month of Moharram, Imam Hussain, the younger Nawase of Hazrat Muhammad Sahab, the founder of the religion of Islam, and his 72 followers were slaughtered. Hazrat Hussain was martyred while fighting Yazid's army in Iraq's city of Karbala.

In Islam, only one God has been asked to pray. Things like deception, lies, manipulation, gambling, alcoholism are forbidden in Islam. Hazrat Mohammed followed these instructions and instructed all Muslims and his family to follow these Islamic principles.

On the other hand, from where Islam emerged, there was a period of a ruler named Mu'awiya in 'Sham', some distance from Madina. After the death of Mu'awiya, Yazid as the royal heir, in which all the demerits were present, he sat on the throne of the evening.

Yazid wanted Imam Hussain to confirm his sitting on the throne. Because he is a grandson of Mohammad, and he has a good influence on the people there.

Hazrat Mohammad's relatives refused to consider a person like Yazid as the Islamic ruler. Because Yazid had no value of Islamic values. Along with Yazid's refusal to obey, he also decided that he would now leave his maternal grandfather Hazrat Mohammad Saheb's city of Medina so that peace would remain there.

The reason for the Battle of Karbala between Hazrat imam Hussain and Yazid

10th Muharram 2019 Battle of Karbala, 10th Muharram 2019 Islamic Calender
near Karbala Furat river, Image is taken from rudabanasir.wordpress.com.


Imam Hussain was leaving Madina forever with family and some loved ones heading to Iraq. But Yazid's army surrounded his convoy near Karbala. Yazid placed conditions before him which Imam Hussain flatly refused to accept. In lieu of not accepting the condition, Yazid spoke of war.

While talking to Yazid, Imam Hussein stayed in the path of Iraq with his convoy by putting a tent on the banks of the river Furat. But the Yazidi army ordered the tents of Imam Hussain to be removed from the banks of the river Furat and did not even allow them to take water from the river.

This is how the Battle of Karbala started

10th Muharram 2019 Battle of Karbala, 10th Muharram 2019 Islamic Calender
Battle of Karbala between Hazrat imam Hussain and Yazid

The Imam did not intend to fight because his convoy consisted of only 72 people. In which the six-month-old son included his sister-daughters, wife and small children. The date was a stampede, and it was summertime. It may be noted that even today in Iraq (May), the normal daytime temperatures in summer are more than 50 degrees. By seven Muharram, the amount of food and water that Imam Hussain had, was over.

Imam kept on working with patience, avoiding the war. From 7 to 10 Muharram, Imam Hussain and member of his family was a hungry thirsty.

10 On Muharram, the man who went one by one towards Imam Hussein fought with Yazid's army. When all the companions of Imam Hussain were killed, then after the prayer of Asr (noon), Imam Hussain himself went and he was also killed. In this battle, one son of Imam Hussain, Zainulabedin survived because he was ill on 10 Muharram. Later. Muhammed Sahab generation was restart from him.

Moharram is celebrated in memory of this sacrifice. This incident of Karbala is a sacrifice made by the family members of Hazrat Mohammad for the protection of Islam. After killing Imam Hussain and his male companions and family members, Yazid ordered the arrest of women of Hazrat Imam Hussain's family.

Yazid, describing himself as the victor, told those watching Hussain's robbed convoy that this fate was done against those who went against Yazid's rule. Yazid committed extreme crimes against the women of Muhammed's family. They kept him in the prison where Husain's innocent child Sakina died.

However, more than 1400 years have passed since this incident. In Katl-e-Hussain Asl is Marg-e-Yazid. Islam is alive after every Karbala.

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