Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography: Education, Political Career, Award, Books

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography teachers day 2019
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great educationist, great philosopher, great orator, thinker, and a knowledgeable person on Indian culture. The birthday of the great teacher Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who has taken India to new heights in the field of education, is celebrated every year on 5 September as a teacher's day across India.

Dr. Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and second (1962– 1967) President of India. Radhakrishnan, who started teaching from the Presidency College in Madras, later went on to become a professor at the University of Mysore and then worked at several universities in the country. From 1939 to 1948 he was also the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). He was a philosopher, conductor of Indian culture and a devout Hindu thinker. His birthday is celebrated as Teacher's Day in India in honor of this famous teacher.

Date of Birth of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

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Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888 in a Brahmin family in Tirutani village (Madras), Tamil Nadu. His ancestors lived in a village called Sarvapalli, so all the members of Radhakrishnan's family used the surname Sarvapalli in front of their names. His father's name was Sarvepalli Veeraswamy and mother's name was Sitamma. Radhakrishnan had 4 brothers and 1 sister. The income of this family of eight members, including six siblings and two parents, was extremely limited. Even in this limited income, Dr. Radhakrishnan proved that talent does not suit anyone. He not only gained a reputation as a great educationist but also held the highest post of President of the country.

Student Life of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Born in an ordinary family, Radhakrishnan's childhood was spent at religious places like Tirutani and Tirupati. He was very interested in teaching from the beginning, his primary education was in the Christian missionary institution Lutheran Mission School and further studies were completed in Madras Christian College. It was during the school days that Dr. Radhakrishnan had memorized important portions of the Bible, for which he was given the honor of special merit.

Sent him for reading at Tirupati between 1896–1900. He passed the matriculation examination in the first class in 1902 and also received a scholarship. Christian College, Madras also awarded scholarships because of his special abilities. Dr. Radhakrishnan received his MA in Philosophy in 1916. And did the post of Assistant Professor in the same subject at Madras Residency College.

How he got the Sarvepalli title?

Sarvapalli's address was first inherited in the name of Dr. Radhakrishnan. Radhakrishnan's ancestors lived in a village called 'Sarvepalli' and in the middle of the 18th century, they settled in the Tirutani village. But his ancestors wanted that his name should always be accompanied by a sense of the village of his birthplace. That is why all the families started wearing Sarvapalli before their names.

The personality of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan met Mahatma Gandhi

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan birth anniversary 2019

In 1915, Dr. Radhakrishnan met Mahatma Gandhi. Impressed by his views, Radhakrishnan wrote several articles in support of the national movement. In 1918, he met Rabindranath Tagore in Mysore. Tagore greatly influenced him, which is why Dr. Radhakrishnan published a book titled 'Darshan of Rabindranath Tagore' in 1918 to express his views. He gave great importance to books, believing that, "Books are the means by which we can build bridges between different cultures." His book 'The Rene of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy' gives him international Identity found at the level.

The originator of the unique tradition of Guru and disciple, Dr. Radhakrishnan used to welcome his students handsomely. While coming to Mysore from Kolkata, the Mysore station echoed with Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's cheering. This was the moment where everyone's eyes were moist on their departure. His personality would not only affect the girl students but also many enlightened people in the country and abroad. The Russian leader Stalin had great respect in the heart of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the philosopher ambassador. While serving as President, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan traveled to many countries. He was welcomed everywhere with utmost respect and respect. He was the first person in the world to reach the US White House by helicopter.

Teaching life of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the Presidency College, Madras. In college, he had expertise on mythological saga such as Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Brahmasutra and Ramanuja Mahadeva, etc. He accustomed himself to Buddha, Jainism and Western thinkers Plato, Paladins, and Bergson during this period. In 1918, he was elected Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore. In 1921 Radhakrishnan was named Professor of Philosophy of the University of Calcutta. In 1923, Dr. Radhakrishnan's book 'Indian Philosophy' was published. This book got the reputation of the best philosophical literature. Sarvepalli was invited to deliver a speech on Hindu philosophy at Oxford University. He also used his speech to intensify the freedom movement. In the year 1931, Sarvepalli contested the post of vice-chancellor at Andhra University. He became the Vice-Chancellor of the Banaras Hindu University in 1939 and remained in the post until 1948.

Dr. Radhakrishnan used to see the whole world as a school. His idea was that only the human brain can be properly utilized by education. Therefore, the world should manage education as a single entity.

Dr. Radhakrishnan contributed to make many universities a center of education. He was employed in three major universities of the country:

1931 -1936: Vice-Chancellor, Andhra Pradesh University
1939 –1948: Chancellor, Hindu University of Banaras
1953 - 1962: Chancellor, University of Delhi

Married life of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan family
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan family

At that time, in the Brahmin families of Madras, marriage was completed at an early age and Radhakrishnan was no exception. In 1903, at the age of 16, his marriage was concluded with a distant relationship's sister 'Sivakamu'. At that time his wife was only 10 years old.

The political career of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Seeing Radhakrishnan's qualifications, he was made a member of the Constituent Assembly. When India gained independence, Jawaharlal Nehru urged Radhakrishnan to carry out diplomatic work with the Soviet Union as a distinguished ambassador. He remained a diplomat until 1952. He was then appointed to the post of Vice President.

All the Members of Parliament appreciated him for his work behavior. After the end of Rajendra Prasad's term in 1962, Radhakrishnan took over as President. 

The famous philosopher Bert Russell had said on Dr. Radhakrishnan's becoming President - "It is an honor for the philosophy of the world that the great Indian Republic elected Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan as President and I am particularly happy to be a philosopher. Plato said that philosophers should be kings and that the great Indian Republic paid a true tribute to Plato by making a philosopher a president. "

His tenure was quite challenging as compared to Rajendra Prasad. Because on the one hand, India had a war with China and Pakistan in which India had to face defeat with China, on the other hand, two Prime Ministers also died during their tenure.

On the Republic Day of 1967, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, while addressing the country, made it clear that he would no longer like to be President for any session. Later, Congress leaders also tried to persuade him many times for this, but they followed his declaration.

After the political life of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Dr. Radhakrishnan was the President of India from 1962 to 1967, and after completion of his tenure moved to Madras. There he lived a full leisure life. His dress was simple and traditional, he often wore white clothes and used South Indian turban. In this way, he also introduced Indian apparel to the world. The brilliance of Dr. Radhakrishnan's talent was not only considered in the country but also abroad. His lectures given abroad on various subjects were praised everywhere.

Award (Bharat Ratna)of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan bharat ratna Award teachers day
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan bharat ratna Award

For his outstanding contribution in education and politics, the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, conferred the country's highest decoration "Bharat Ratna" to the great philosopher educationist and author Dr. Radhakrishnan. Radhakrishnan was posthumously awarded the Templeton Prize by the US government in March 1975, which is awarded for upliftment in the field of religion. He was the first non-Christian denomination to receive this award.

Award of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

1931: Knight Bachelor / Sir's title, he returned it after independence
1938: Fellow of the British Academy.
1954: Bharat Ratna
1954: German "Order Pour le Merit for Arts and Science"
1961: Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.
1962: Beginning to celebrate his birthday on 5 September, Teachers' Day
1963: British Order of Merit.
1968: Sahitya Academy Fellowship, Dr. Radhakrishnan was the first to receive it
1975: Templates Prize (posthumously)
1989: Oxford University started Scholarship in his name.

Books of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

• The Ethics of Vedanta.

• The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore.

• My search for truth.

• The Rain of Contemporary Philosophy.

• Religion and Society.

• Indian Philosophy.

• The Essential of Psychology.

The death of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan -

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Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan considered education to be effective for removing social evils. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, who considers education as the biggest foundation of human and society, has made an unforgettable and incomparable contribution in the educational world.

"Death is never the end or hindrance, but the beginning of more and more new steps" Gone. This was an irreparable loss to the country. But like a great philosopher and educationist of his time, he is still immortal. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, who considers education as the biggest foundation of human and society, will always be an unforgettable and incredible contribution in the educational world. Here he pauses his pen with his invaluable idea. Sarvapalli Dr. Radhakrishnan says that. 

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died on 17 April 1975 after a prolonged illness. His contribution in the field of education will always be appreciated. Every year on 5 September, "Teachers Day" is celebrated all over the country to honor them. On this day, the best teachers in the country are honored.

Teachers Day 5 September every year

"Teacher's Day" is celebrated on 5 September every year on the occasion of your birthday. They did not want to tie education into the rules. Despite being a teacher himself, he would come late to his class at the university and sometimes he would leave early. He said that 20 minutes is enough for the lecture he had to give. All those students were dear to the students.


Dr. Radhakrishnan used to see the whole world as a school. His idea was that only the human brain can be properly utilized by education. Therefore, the world should manage education as a single entity.

Through his articles and speeches, Dr. Radhakrishnan has an important contribution in putting Indian philosophy in front of the world. His articles were praised all over the world. He had great courage to say anything in a simple and humorous way, which is why he used to make even a difficult subject like Philosophy interesting. He laid special emphasis on morality and spirituality; He said that "spiritual life is the genius of India".

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